In the breaststroke, timing and rhythm will either make or break you. You continue to extend your legs backward but now sweep them inwards. The History of the Breaststroke. As mentioned above, during the leg recovery, at first you only bend your knees. Your legs are also extended, held together, and your feet are pointed. — called also whip kick . Knee pain in swimming often occurs during breaststroke kicking. Kosuke Kitajima Breaststroke 2/4 [100m Underwater Camera 2008]. The backstroke is a competition stroke, but it is also used in recreational swimming as a rest from other strokes, frequently with minimum arm motion and only enough kick to maintain forward motion. Breaststroke is the most timing-sensitive stroke since the pull and kick occur independently. Some peo : the leg action used in swimming the breaststroke in which the feet, moving in a horizontal plane, are drawn toward the hips and then thrust sideward and backward. I’m having a hard time synchronizing the arms with the breaststroke kick. The kick is a simultaneous thrust of the legs called a frog or breaststroke kick. You are back at the beginning of the cycle and you glide for a few moments in this streamlined position. To develop a strong breaststroke kick, the swimmer must have a lot of surface area from the insteps of the feet and ankles pushing backward in the water. As you bend your knees, to perform the whip-style kick that accompanies the arm movements, use the strength of … The following underwater video features a race with Kosuke Katijama, where you can clearly see the leg’s kicking movements: The breaststroke kick can be broken down into the following phases: We will describe those phases in more detail below. Breaststroke is often the first stroke taught to beginners because you can swim breaststroke while keeping your head above water. Here, breaststroke is called ‘frog stroke’ because of the kick. Your knees should be kept close together without touching each other. That is called coupling, but it is a challenge to do in breaststroke! It’s called “elementary” because of its simple technique that’s easy to pick up, and is often one of the first swim strokes taught to new swimmers for this reason. I don’t know where you are from, questioner, but in English the stroke is not ‘chest’ but ‘breast’. 4. However, at the competitive level, swimming breaststroke at speed requires comparable endurance and strength to other strokes. Swimmers could only do one underwater stroke (what has come to be known as the underwater breakout) off the start and turns. This allows beginners to learn to swim without having to use swim goggles or deal with breathing problems. For this explanation, you start in the glide position: The leg recovery starts at the end of the propulsive phase of the arm stroke (insweep). This will make it easier for you to remember the correct movements once you are at the swimming pool. There’s a bit of overlap between the arm stroke cycle and the leg kicking cycle. Affiliate Disclosure, How to Fix and Prevent Breaststroker’s Knee. Here are a few more resources Once your legs have been brought together at the end of the insweep, they will move upward due to inertia. Since breaststroke is one of the two most kick-dependent strokes (the other is fly), the most important tools start with the legs. It is the most popular recreational style due to the swimmer's head being out of the water a large portion of the time, and that it can be swum comfortably at slow speeds. Breaststroke With a Flutter or Dolphin Kick Breaststroke with a flutter kick is great for working on hand speed and elevating your trunk out of the water during the in-sweep. Your head is in a neutral position, and you are looking downwards. For example, the breaststroke kick places a high degree of stress on the medial structures of the knee. The recovery of the legs starts at the end of the arms’ insweep (when the hands move toward each other, below the chest). Likewise both legs kick at the same time using a frog kick, modified frog kick or whip kick. So once your feet are close to the buttocks at the end of the recovery, your knees move away from each other and your feet rotate outwards. Kick straight backwards and make sure that your feet are pointing backwards and not down. I'm the owner of and main contributor to Enjoy-Swimming.com. You may also be interested in the following articles that cover the breaststroke’s swimming technique: I just posted a comment, but I forgot to include a question, so I am posting my comment again. During the propulsive phase of the breaststroke leg kick, the swimmer is required to vigorously kick backwards and downwards with a ‘whipping’ action. Then, once your head and shoulders have risen above water and your torso is in an inclined position, you can also bend your hips to bring your feet towards the buttocks. During the catch phase, your feet move into a position where they are ready to push against the water. Breaststroke Kick. Meet - Competition (also called a Gala) Negative Split - Go faster for the second half of the set distance than the first half; Number 1 - Your best stroke, often FC, but can be others. The inside of your feet are now facing backward, and your feet are turned outwards. Drawings in an Egyptian cave, appropriately called the Cave of Swimmers, depict swimmers in various poses, with the leg whipping motion believed to having been inspired by frogs. At the end of the insweep, your legs will be pressed together. Just because it’s called freestyle doesn’t mean you can swim it any way you choose, at least not in competition. Breaststroke races are distances of 100 and 200 metres. … It uses a reversed breaststroke kick while your arms move in sync beneath the water. The kick is made up of the up flex, out flex, and around point; three separate moves that combine to make one fluid kick. Definition of breaststroke kick : the leg action used in swimming the breaststroke in which the feet, moving in a horizontal plane, are drawn toward the hips and … Breaststroke. To be safe, all breaststroke swimmers should be aware of the turn rule that states "the shoulders must be at or … No flutter or dolphin kicking is allowed. At the same time, your feet which were rotated outwards rotate inward. Once the catch has been made, you should sweep your legs backward and outwards while pushing against the water with the inside of your feet and lower legs. Breaststroke and knee pain. This is commonly called a "corkscrew" and is completed as you are pushing off the wall in a streamlined position before the underwater pull-down begins. Enjoy-Swimming.com does not sell any personal information. It’s a movement where the lower leg folds onto the upper leg. All rights reserved. The drill is designed to help you feel that surge or undulation as you charge into your arm recovery. Turning-pressing out motion (your hands and arms form a Y at the beginning of the pull); At the end of your kick your feet should be together. I call it this because the stroke holds the head position very high like a Granny who doesn’t want to get her hair wet. The trash-talking is heating up as the ISL season rolls on, with London Roar coach Mel Marshall calling out illegal dolphin kicks in breaststroke. This kick is called a flutter kick. Doing so ensures that your legs recover in the shadow of your body, decreasing drag. the hands scoop water out to the sides, before sweeping in toward the middle of the body and then shooting forward. At that moment, your head and shoulders are above water, and your hips are slightly underwater so that your body is inclined. At the beginning of the leg recovery, your knees bend, and your feet move towards your buttocks. They must break the water’s surface within the first 15 meters after starting, and again after each turn. Open Turn - The two handed touch turn completed for Breaststroke and Butterfly Our article to learn the breaststroke kick gives you a few such dryland exercises you can practice at home. Like the breaststroke and butterfly, competitive freestyle swimmers begin a race by diving off of a starting platform. Breaststroke is a swimming style in which the swimmer is on their chest and the torso does not rotate. Uses a frog kick. Swimming is an individual or team racing sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The kick is the most important move in the breaststroke. This stroke is performed with a flutter kick in the pone posit… This stroke is made up in 4 phases- pull, breathe, whip kick,… This stroke is performed on the back with the arms moving in o… Speed Bump Breaststroke Kick Drill Alexandrov makes another appearance on our list with this breaststroke kick drill, called the Speed Bump Kick Drill. Breaststroke is a swimming style in which the swimmer is on their chest and the torso does not rotate. Does the kick start after the recovery phase, while I am pushing my arms forward into a streamline position? The most common issue I see in breaststroke is a style of stroke that can only be called Granny Breaststroke. Your legs are straight and kept together, with feet pointed. Individual Medley (IM) The IM race uses all four strokes, in order, butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, … Breaststroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Breaststroke Technique: Head and Body Positions, Swimming Breaststroke – Arm Movements and Technique, Breaststroke Kick – Swimming Technique and Tips, Swimming Breaststroke – Breathing Technique and Tips, Learn Swimming Breaststroke: Drills and Exercises, Overview of Common Swimming Strokes / Styles, http://www.enjoy-swimming.com/breast-stroke.html, Freestyle Swimming – 10 Tips to Improve Your Technique, Freestyle Stroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Backstroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Butterfly Stroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Breathing While Swimming: Basic Tips and Exercises, How to Swim Faster – The Six Principles of Fast Swimming, Learn Basic Swimming Techniques to Feel Safe in the Water. While at first glance its technique may look simple, there are a few subtleties to take into account for the kick to be executed with maximum efficiency. The sport takes place in pools or open water (e.g., in a sea or lake). This stroke is also called as the frog stroke because the movements of the legs and arms resemble that of a swimming frog. When the arms and head are down in the water, the legs, which are always underwater, do a frog kick. The sidestroke uses a scissor kick -- you move your legs back and forth the way scissors open and close. Additionally, what is the breaststroke kick called? Breaststroke uses a pull with both arms at once, and the arms stay in the water. Breaststroke Timing. 1-Arm, 1-Leg Breaststroke: A Drill to Develop Race Tempo Breaststroke. At the same time, your feet bend towards the tibia (dorsiflexion). While at first glance its technique may look simple, there are a few subtleties to take into account for the kick to be executed with maximum efficiency. (Aim for a depth of about 1 meter for best results.) Push off deep under the water. It takes some practice to coordinate the arm/leg movements. This was the main stroke for competition in the 1800s, before freestyle was developed. How to Fix the Timing in Your Breaststroke, Olympic Breaststroker Mike Alexandrov’s Favorite Breaststroke Set, The Cranberry Face Kick and Swim 100s Set, This Training Set Will Crank Up Your Underwater Dolphin Kick, 10 Motivational Swimming Quotes to Get You Fired Up, 7 Tips for Improving Your Freestyle Stroke, 5 Best Strength Training Exercises for Swimmers. It is the most popular recreational style due to the swimmer's head being out of the water a large portion of the time, and that it can be swum comfortably at slow speeds. The breaststroke kick is the kick used by the breaststroke swimmers. Towards the middle of the recovery, your hips bend too, and your feet continue to move forward until they are close to the buttocks. Front crawl variants used different ratios of scissor kicks to arm strokes, or alternated with a flutter (up-and-down) kick. • the arm stroke begins and ends in streamline position. The breaststroke is more complex, requires precise timing and is performed on your stomach with your face in the water. © 2010-2020 Enjoy-Swimming.com. The breaststroke kick is the kick used by the breaststroke swimmers. The swimmers perform a breaststroke arm pull with a butterfly dolphin kick. The kick (propulsive phase of the legs) starts toward the middle/end of the arm recovery forward. Hi, I'm Christophe! breaststroke • breaststroke is often thought of as the “frog stroke,” as the kick is reminiscent of a frog’s kick. Risk Factors for Knee Pain Breaststroke is the slowest of the competitive swimming strokes. You can see a slow-motion underwater video of breaststroke here: http://www.enjoy-swimming.com/breast-stroke.html, Your email address will not be published. The kick, which is already the most important source of propulsion, becomes even more powerful when its peak propulsion coincides with the body and head crashing down into the water. The pull helps you keep your momentum going, but without a good, strong kick, the pull can only do so much. Muscles Needed for Backstroke vs. Other Swimming Strokes. Your feet which were in dorsiflexion will now move in plantar flexion (feet pointed). The unnatural rotation of the knees during this action can put pressure on the inside of the knees, which can result in an injury to the medial collateral ligament (MCL). In … When arms and hands pull back, lift head to breath; when hands under chin, put face back down, then toot. Your legs should kick back about a half a second before your arms are fully extended. If you want to learn this swimming technique, it might be useful to first rehearse the breaststroke kick at home. In most swimming classes, beginners learn either the breaststroke or the freestyle first. There are approximately 325 pairs of muscles in the human body, as each muscle has a corresponding opposite muscle. During what phase of the arms do I start the kick or bring my heels up? And swimmers had to have their head break the surface of the water during each stroke cycle. Breaststroke Breathing. It causes a huge amount of resistance and is very difficult to do even if you have a good kick. Knees should be approximately shoulder-width, and resist the urge to bring the knees up. The key on this drill is to maintain your flutter kick throughout the entirety of … Required fields are marked *. Great Britain's James Guy has called out Ilya Shymanovich for using illegal dolphin kicks en route to a Euro record in the 100 breaststroke. Your email address will not be published. This is … This will promote correct body position, correct stretching and streamlining, and a natural kick and not a forced kick. At each turn a swimmer must touch with both hands at the same time. However, other sources of knee pain do exist, like pain in the front of the knee, which is likely a patellar tendon irritation. Push off the wall. Your feet should nearly be in contact. When thinking about breaststroke, it is rare that the first thing that comes to mind is dolphin kick, seeing as you are only allowed one off of each turn. The breaststroke is the grand-daddy of the swimming strokes, with its origins going back as far as the Stone Age. Should my face be in or out of the water when I am bringing my heels up to start the breaststroke kick? The kick is what will propel you the most through the water. 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