Sodium Chloride is the chemical name of NaCl. Used for making gasoline additives, electric power cable, sodium lamps, other chemicals. Sodium Chloride is a metal halide composed of sodium and chloride with sodium and chloride replacement capabilities. We have to bear in mind that within any given column,all the elements have the same number of valence electrons. Its slight alkalinity makes it useful in treating gastric or urinary hyperacidity and acidosis. Sodium Atom vs Sodium Ion . This anion group usually occurs in combination with calcium, sodium, uranium, iron, aluminum, manganese, barium, zinc, copper, lead, or the rare-earth elements. On one side it is an essential nutrient for most living things, and yet, due to its reactive nature is also capable of wreaking havoc if you happen to combine it with something you shouldn't. Na 2 CO 3 + 2H 2 O → 2NaOH + H 2 CO 3 (b) (i) Alkali metals are strong reducing agents and hence can’t be extracted by the reduction of their oxides or chlorides. Nursing care plan and goals for fluid and electrolyte imbalances include: maintaining fluid volume at a functional level, patient exhibits normal laboratory values, demonstrates appropriate changes in lifestyle and behaviors including eating patterns and food quantity/quality, re-establishing and maintaining normal pattern and GI functioning. You will find some information about the nitrates, carbonates, hydrogencarbonates and hydrides of the metals. Sodium and its compounds are used for food preservation, for cooling nuclear reactors, in sodium vapor lamps, for purifying and refining other elements and compounds, and as a desiccant. Sodium bicarbonate, also called sodium hydrogen carbonate, or bicarbonate of soda, NaHCO 3, is a source of carbon dioxide and so is used as an ingredient in baking powders, in effervescent salts and beverages, and as the main constituent of dry-chemical fire extinguishers. *Please select more than one item to compare Therefore, elements try to react with other elements, to gain the noble gas electron configuration to achieve stability. Sodium hydroxide may be applied to prevent clogging of sewer pipes, and sodium carbonate is applied in water purification to neutralize acids. The elements in the periodic table are not stable except the noble gases. As such sodium is found naturally only in compounds and never as the free element. This page looks at some compounds of the Group 1 elements (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and caesium) - limited to various bits and pieces required by various UK A level syllabuses. Shipped as a solid or molten liquid. To get valence electrons' number,all we have to do is to count the columns starting from left.Skip the transitional metals, and remember that the only exception to this is helium who has only two valence electrons, not 8. Sodium hydrogen carbonate is a constituent of backing powder, and is applied in textile and leather industries and in soap and cleanser production. The NaCl Molecular Weight (Sodium Chloride) is 58.44 g/mol. In humans, sodium is important for maintaining fluid balance in the cells and throughout the body, while the electric potential maintained by sodium ions is critical for nerve function. The crystal structure of many carbonate minerals reflects the trigonal symmetry of the carbonate ion, which is composed of a carbon atom centrally located in an equilateral triangle of oxygen atoms. In sanitary cleanser the element is present as sodium hypo chlorite. Sodium appears as a silvery soft metal that becomes grayish white upon exposure to air. Likewise, sodium also has to get an electron to achieve the electron configuration of the noble gas, Neon. Nursing Care Plans. Sodium carbonate is the salt of a strong base NaOH and a weak acid H 2 CO 3. Sodium, like most elements in the periodic table could be said to have a dual personality. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. When depleted in the body, sodium must be replaced in order to maintain intracellular osmolarity, nerve conduction, muscle contraction and normal renal function. Burns violently with explosions that may spatter the material. Search results for cu, pb, zn standard at Sigma-Aldrich. Visit BYJU'S to understand the properties, structure, and uses of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) explained by India's best teachers. Due to hydrolysis , the resultant solution is alkaline due to the presence of excess of OH-ions .