However lung collapse can be a secondary symptom caused by bony deformity affecting the thorax such as pectus excavatum. It is more common in cats than in dogs. They may be intensified in the nervous or tachypneic patient. Pectus excavatum (PE) is one of the most common major anomalies of childhood. Males are affected six times more often than females. [3] Jungen sind dreimal häufiger betroffen als Mädchen. Computerized tomography (CT). Cats with high values are more likely to have impaired ventilation or ECG changes. Suggested causes of pectus excavatum include congenital predisposition, abnormal intrauterine pressure, abnormal ligament development (ie shortened central diaphragmatic te… Correction for scoliosis has traditionally involved straightening the spine either with traction alone or permanently with posterior spinal fusion. /*-->*/. It is the most common chest wall deformity, accounting for approximately 90% of cases, occurs in up to 1 in 300-1000 births and is more frequently seen in males (M:F = 3:1) 1,4. Sie sind Tierärztin/Tierarzt? However, some of the most common symptoms are as follows: An Indention in the Chest Region Breathing Difficulties Coughing Exercise Intolerance Digestive Difficulties Weight Loss Heart Murmurs Cyanosis (Bluing of the Skin) Generalized Weakness Vomiting Several thoracic measurements need to be taken which are then used to calculate the frontosagittal index and the vertebral index and the minimal thoracic height (Box 43-1, Fig. Postoperative lateral view of chest CT reconstruction in a 4-year-old girl with scoliosis and rib fusion, with VEPTR in place between the 4th and 5th ribs (black arrow) and between the iliac crest and 5th rib posteriorly (white arrow). [CDATA[/* >